Ecovacs Airbot Z1


Do not update firmware via OTA if you plan to ever root your device

Ecovacs Airbot Z1 picture, click to enlarge

ModelID: ecovacs.sdp1y1
Codename: AC2109
OEM: Ecovacs
Firmware format: encrypted
Sound format:
SOC: Horizon X3M (4x)+RV1107
RAM: 1 GByte (DDR4)+128MB
Flash: 512MByte SPI-NAND
WiFi: FN-Link 6223a
OS: Linux (+ROS) (4.14.x)
Released: Q4/2022


Camera: y (2x)
Mop: n
Waterpump: n
Towerbumper: y
IR dropsensors: 6x
IR sidesensors: y
Frontsensor: Cameras,Linelaser
Carpetsensor: n
Brush type: n
Auto Empty: No
Auto Mop Cleaning: No
Cloud support: , ecovacs


Root supported? : y (Q4/2022)
Root method public? : y
Root complexity: easy (UART)
Valetudo support: n


Rooting How-to
TÜV privacy certification: y
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Has Microphone. 2 Robots stacked in one device (bottom: X1 equivalent, top: Rockchip RV1107). Airpurifier

We talked about this robot at 37C3.
[1] CCC 37C3 Talk information: Sucking dust and cutting grass: reversing robots and bypassing security

[2] CCC 37C3 recording on youtube


first seen2023-12-10

app928a4a17ca9efe727cdc092840f7f5cbAC2109-bruce-x3_fw-1.10.0.bin1.10.02022-07-04 07:25:00125,085 MBgl
app56dc7e57a49c759692e1d76f6e39f199AC2109-bruce-x3_fw-1.13.6.bin1.13.62022-10-12 09:52:00171,778 MBgl
appa946abc3cb4f484c9f0f38952120a726846908cf300d50d71488f86856c8d60b1.15.82023-11-22 10:08:00172,095 MBgl


These logs are extracted from official firmware releases. They might or might not contain useful information.

app1.10.02022-07-04 07:25:00initial
app1.13.62022-10-12 09:52:00What’s new:
1.Optimize the efficiency of mapping
2.Bug fixes and enhancements
app1.15.82023-11-22 10:08:00What’s new:
Bug fixes and enhancements.

[2] Active: A device is still sold, and receives support by the vendor or the community

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This information is collected over time by my rooted devices and stored in a database. There might be firmware older than this, but it is not listed here as I did not own a particular device at that time. There is no guarantee for accuracy of this information, as the availability of firmware might be device specific and region specific. Sometimes I don't have enough devices to cover all regions.

Note: If you use information from this table, please reference it, eg. "Dennis Giese, Robotinfo,".
Please contact me prior using any of the images.